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Read more about Popular Education

We believe that positive social change comes from engaged, informed and dynamic communities creating solutions to the issues which affect them. This is the cornerstone of our work. If you would like to read more about Popular Education approaches, you may find some of these references useful.


Ahlberg, M. 1998. Ecopedagogy and Ecodidactics: Education for Sustainable Development, Good Environment and Good Life. Bulletins of the Faculty of Education. No: 69.University of Joensuu.

Buckmann, P et al. (1973) Education Without Schools. London: Souvenir Press.

Bauman, Z. (1999) In Search of Politics. Cambridge, Polity Press.

Carnie, F. (2003) Alternative Approaches to Education: A Guide for Parents and Teachers. London: Routledge.

Cohen, A. (1985) The Symbolic Construction of Community. London, Tavistock.

Crowther, J., I. Martin and M. Shaw (1999) Popular Education and Social Movements in Scotland Today. Leicester: NIACE.

Crowther, J., I. Martin and M. and V. Galloway (2005) Popular Education: Engaging the Academy. International Perspectives. Leicester: NIACE.

Delanty, G (2003) Community. NY: Routledge.

Freire, P. (1972) Pedagogy of the Oppressed. London: Penguin.

Freire, P. (2004). Pedagogy of Indignation. London: Paradigm.

Freire, P., Antonio, F. (1979) Learning to question: a pedagogy of liberation. Geneva: WCC.

Gadotti, M (2003) Pedagogy of the Earth and the Culture of Sustainability. Paper presented at Lifelong Learning, Participatory Democracy and Social Change: Local and Global Perspectives conference, Toronto, Canada.

Gutierrez, F. & C. Prado. 1999. Ecopedagogia e Cidadania Planetaria. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Cortez.

Horton, M. and Freire, P. (1990) We Make the Road by Walking: Conversations on Education and Social Change. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Illich, I. (1973) De-schooling Society. London: Marion Boyars. (introduced the idea of learning webs and skill exchanges – see ‘

Illich, I. & E. Verne. 1981. Imprisoned in the Global Classroom. London: Writers & Readers.

Illich, I. 1988. Ecopedagogia. Alternativas II. Mexico: JoaquĆ­n Mortiz / Planeta.

Jardine, D. W. 2000. ‘Under the Tough Old Stars’: Ecopedagogical Essays. Brandon, Vermont: Solomon Press.

Kane, L. (2001) Popular Education and Social Change in Latin America. London : Latin America Bureau. (chapter 2 is a good introduction to the work of Paulo Freire)

Koetzsch, R. (1997) A Handbook of Educational Alternatives. Boston: Shambhala.

Martin, I. (2002). Citizenship debate asks some awkward questions. Adults Learning 13(10), pp 18-20.

Martin, I. (2003) Inflections of Community in Educational Work and Research (Source: Paper presented at international conference: Experiential, Community and Work-based: Researching Learning outside the Academy, Centre for Research in Lifelong Learning, Glasgow Caledonian University, 27-29 June 2003).

Mills, C.W. (1959) The Soiological Imagination. New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Shaw, M (1997) Community work: Towards a Radical Paradigm for Practice, The Scottish Journal of Community Work and Development, Vol 2, Summer.

Shaw, M. and Martin, I. (2000) Community work, citizenship and democracy: re-making the connections. Community Development Journal. 35(4).

Shor, I. (1992) Empowering Education: critical teaching for social change. University of Chicago Press.

Tett, L. (2002) Lifelong learning policies: four fallacies and an interrogation. In Edwards R. et al (eds) Cultures, communities and citizens: the altered states of adult education? Stirling, University of Stirling / SCUTREA pp269-274.

The Trapese Collective (eds) (2007) Do It Yourself: A handbook for changing our world, London: Pluto Press.


  • Green Theory and Praxis Journal (ecopedagogy)
  • Community Development Journal
  • Critical Social Policy

Popular education websites

Taken from the Trapese publication ‘Do it Yourself – a handbook for changing our world’ (see above).

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